Sexually Transmitted Infections

Why get tested?

Many people who have an STI (sexually transmissible infection) don’t have symptoms, so may not even know they have one.
Testing and using condoms are the best ways to stay in total control of your sexual health.

If left untreated some STIs can cause unpleasant symptoms and could lead to long-term problems such as infertility.

When should I get tested?

It’s a good idea to have regular sexual health check-ups once you start having sex, when you change sexual partners or start a new relationship.

You and your partner should get tested before you stop using condoms.

See your doctor if you have had unsafe sex or have symptoms such as pain, discharge or itching in your genital area.

Where can I get tested?

All our doctors can offer STI testing. Having a test is simple and painless.

How will I know what test to have?

There is no single test to detect all STIs. Your doctor will ask you about any symptoms and discuss your sexual history.
They will use the information from your conversation to work out the tests you should have.
STIs such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia, can be detected soon after you have been infected, even if you show no obvious signs.

How are STIs tested?

As a general rule you will have either a urine test, a swab, a blood test or a simple physical examination. The type of test depends on which STI is being treated.

Most test results are sent to the doctor here at our clinic at approximate 3-4 days after the test. You can contact us here at the clinic for your results at that time.

Are STI tests expensive?

The cost depends on the tests required and where you go. Most common tests are covered by Medicare.
Check with the doctor or at the Pathology Centre, whether this applies.

What is the treatment if I test positive?

If you have an STI your doctor will talk with you about the infection and if there is a need for further tests and the sort of treatments involved.

Bacterial STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can be easily treated with antibiotics.

Other STIs such as herpes and genital warts can be managed to decrease your symptoms.

While treatment for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is continually improving, at present there is still no cure for this potentially life-threatening infection.

Can I still have sex if I have an STI?

For the more common STIs like chlamydia and gonorrhoea, avoid sex until you have finished your full course of treatment and for at least a week following.

If you do have sex you should use a condom.

For other STIs like genital warts and HIV it is best to talk to your doctor about the options.

For more details about specific STIs, see the website listed below.

Source : Australian Government Health Department

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