Fertility Tests and Advice

Fertility Tests and Advice

There are various causes of infertility which may be related to female, male or a combination of male and female factors.

Female causes are usually related to the female’s age, issues with ovulation or issues with the pelvic anatomy, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Following your initial consultation, you can expect that several investigations will be arranged.

These may include blood tests and a pelvic ultrasound for the female and semen analysis for the male.

Current data show that most couples will conceive within six months of trying, so best practice now suggests you seek a fertility assessment if you are not pregnant within six months.

Female age is the most significant factor affecting a couple’s chance of conceiving.

In 40% of infertile couples, the cause of infertility is attributed to a sperm factor.

In another 40% of infertile couples, the cause of infertility is found within the female reproductive system, such as ovulation failure, tubal disease or endometriosis.

One third of all infertile couples will have a combination of female and male factor infertility.

The good news is that the most common causes of male infertility are easily diagnosed and successfully bypassed with effective fertility treatments.



To understand and treat fertility females may undergo initial testing.

Ovulation test

You’ll need a blood test to check whether or not you are ovulating or producing an egg every month.
This can be carried out at your IVFAustralia clinic during clinic hours.

Ultrasound scan

An ultrasound scan checks the lining of your womb and diagnoses any conditions that may be distorting the lining.

It allows us to check:

  • If you have any fibroids or polyps, which could affect your cycle;
  • If you have any ovarian cysts;
  • How easy it will be to collect your eggs from the ovaries;
  • The size of your ovaries and if there are many small follicles.

It also gives us a baseline report to compare with later in your treatment.

Ovarian Reserve (AMH test)

We usually recommend having an AMH test to measure ovarian reserve hormone called Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH).  This simple blood test provides a very good estimate of the number of eggs that you still have in your ovaries.

Your fertility specialist can then explain whether your ovarian reserve is ‘normal’ for your age

Conceiving a healthy baby depends on a number of factors, including healthy sperm.

In fact, this can be the biggest issue after a woman’s age.

Male factor infertility affects around half of all infertile couples, so it is also important to understand how the male reproductive system works.

Booking with one of our doctors who have additional qualifications is recommended.

Dr Graeme Edwards provides fertility advice for couples and can advise you about taking the first step.


Return to our List of Services page